Alcohol, Drug, and Tobacco Study Group
Compiled by Mac Marshall
No attempt is made here to be exhaustive. Rather, the following listings will provide an entrée into the wider literature on each of these substances. Many of these citations also contain substantial bibliographies of their own that the reader can explore.
There are three relatively recent and important books on kava, and each of them contains a good deal of additional bibliography on this drug. These three volumes are:
Brunton, Ron 1989 The Abandoned Narcotic: Kava and Cultural Instability in
Melanesia. New York: Cambridge University Press. 216 pp.
Lebot, Vincent, Mark Merlin and Lamont Lindstrom 1992 Kava, The Pacific Drug.
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 255 pp.
Pollock, Nancy [convenor] 1995 The Power of Kava. Special Issue of Canberra
Anthropology 18(1&2): 1-235.
In addition, here are a few recent journal articles, book chapters, and the like that also provide references to additional kava literature:
Marshall, Mac 2004a Market highs: Alcohol, drugs and the global economy in Oceania.
In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands, ed. Victoria S.
Lockwood. Pp. 200-221. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. [This chapter
includes major sections on kava and on betel.]
Marshall, Mac 2004b Kava. In Alcohol and Temperance in Modern History: An
International Encyclopedia, Vols. 1 and 2, eds. Jack S. Blocker, Jr., David M.
Fahey and Ian R. Tyrrell. Pp. 345-346. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC Clio Press.
Marshall, Mac 1987 An overview of drugs in Oceania. In Drugs in Western Pacific
Societies: Relations of Substance, ed. Lamont Lindstrom. ASAO Monograph No.
11. Pp. 13-49. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. [This chapter
includes major sections on kava and on betel.]
Tomlinson, Matt 2004 Perpetual lament: Kava-drinking, Christianity and sensations of
historical decline in Fiji. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (n.s.) 10:
Considerably less relatively recent work has been published by anthropologists on betel than on kava and there are no book-length treatments. Marshall (1987, 2004a; listed above under kava also covers much of the current literature on betel). Consequently, in what follows I include references to pieces written by scholars other than anthropologists, as well as anthropologists themselves:
Cawte, John 1985 Psychoactive substances of the South Seas: Betel, kava and pituri.
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 19: 83-87.
Hirsch, Eric 1990 From bones to betelnuts: Processes of ritual transformation and the
development of ‘national culture’ in Papua New Guinea. Man (n.s.) 25(1): 18-34.
Iamo, Wari 1987 One of the things that brings good name is betel: A Keakalo conception
of betel use. In Drugs in Western Pacific Societies: Relations of Substance, ed.
Lamont Lindstrom. ASAO Monograph No. 11. Pp. 135-148. Lanham, MD:
University Press of America.
Lepowsky, Maria 1982 A comparison of alcohol and betelnut use on Vanatinai (Sudest
Island). In Through a Glass Darkly: Beer and Modernization in Papua New Guinea,
ed. Mac Marshall. IASER Monograph No. 18. Pp. 325-342. Boroko: Papua New
Guinea Institute of Applied Social & Economic Research.
Lichtenberk, Frantisek 1998 Did speakers of Proto Oceanic chew betel? Journal of the
Polynesian Society 107(4): 335-363.
Mosko, Mark S. 1999 Magical money. In Money and Modernity: State and Local
Currencies in Melanesia, eds. David Akin and Joel Robbins. ASAO Monograph No.
17. Pp. 41-61. Pittsburgh: The University of Pittsburgh Press. [This chapter focuses
on the growth and sale of betel chewing ingredients for the Port Moresby market by the Mekeo people of Papua New Guinea.]
Pickwell, Sheila M., Samrang Schimelpfening and Lawrence A. Palinkas 1994
‘Betelmania’: Betel quid chewing by Cambodian women in the United States and its
potential health effects. Western Journal of Medicine 160: 326-330.
Pinhey, Thomas K., Randall L. Workman and Joseph P. Borja 1992 Women’s use of
betel nut, alcohol, and tobacco on Guam. ISLA: A Journal of Micronesian Studies
Reid, Anthony 1985 From betel-chewing to tobacco-smoking in Indonesia. Journal of
Asian Studies 44(3): 529-547.
Schwimmer, Eric 1982 Betelnut: The beer of the Orokaiva. In Through a Glass Darkly:
Beer and Modernization in Papua New Guinea, ed. Mac Marshall. IASER
Monograph No. 18. Pp. 319-323. Boroko: Papua New Guinea Institute of Applied
Social & Economic Research.
Sullivan, Roger J., John S. Allen, Caleb Otto, Josepha Tiobech and Karen Nero 2000
Effects of chewing betel nut (Areca catechu) on the symptoms of people with
schizophrenia in Palau, Micronesia. British Journal of Psychiatry 177: 174-178.
Watson, Pamela 1987 Drugs in trade. In Drugs in Western Pacific Societies: Relations
of Substance, ed. Lamont Lindstrom. ASAO Monograph No. 11. Pp. 119-134.
Lanham, MD: University Press of America. [This chapter examines the raising,
trading and sale of betel chewing ingredients and tobacco among the Biwat people of
Papua New Guinea.]
Ysaol, Joseph, Joseph I. Chilton and Paul Callaghan 1996 A survey of betel nut chewing
in Palau. ISLA: A Journal of Micronesian Studies 4(1): 244-255.
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