Alcohol, Drug, and Tobacco Study Group
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Walter Randolph Adams and a student, Bronwyn Sinclair, are guiding a Maya Indian community in the highlands of Guatemala establish an integrated alcohol abuse treatment program directed primarily to the age grade known as "jovenes" ("young adults, 15-28 years of age). Components include cultural re-integration, education and training in skills leading to occupational proficiency, nutritional supplementation. It will also be one of the first treatment programs in Guatemala that will have built-in evaluation procedures for internal and external evaluation.
Michael Agar is in the last year of a NIDA funded study to develop a "trend theory" to explain illicit drug epidemics. Together with Heather Schacht Reisinger, he has researched several different epidemics and published summary overviews of the theory. At the moment Agar is working on the use of agent-based models to test explanations for epidemic outcomes. Reisinger is completing a dissertation in anthropology that questions the relationship between historical trends and the changing shape of a particular youth's life.
is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow with the UC Berkeley School of Public
Health and the Prevention Research Center. Currently, she is conducting
qualitative research and programming for Safer California Universities, a major
research initiative to assess alcohol problems among college students in
California and to evaluate the benefits of environmental risk prevention and
intervention strategies. Her research areas also include young adult polydrug
use, prescription drug use, club drug use, and organizational cultures of health
data management in community settings. For her dissertation research in cultural
anthropology (UC Santa Cruz, Ph.D., 1998), she conducted ethnographic research
on traditional Unani (Greco-Islamic) medicine in India, observing social
practices of drug production, circulation and consumption. Bright draws upon
ethnographic interviews and participant observation as well as survey
methodology, and she is interested in applications of cross-cultural research in
community health care programming and policy.
Christine Makosky Daley is a research assistant professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health at the University of Kansas Medical Center and an Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Kansas. She works primarily with the Native population in Kansas and Missouri, focusing on health disparities. Current projects include the development of a culturally-tailored smoking cessation program and accompanying educational Internet sites, as well as breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening projects. The All Nations Breath of Life smoking cessation program, funded by the American Cancer Society and the American Lung Association is currently in the early stages of a clinical trial and is designed for heterogeneous Native populations. Sub-projects currently under development include an Internet-based smoking cessation program and a cross-sectional study of traditional and recreational tobacco use among Native people, as well as exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. This cross-sectional study will ultimately identify a large cohort of individuals for a longitudinal study looking at the effects of tobacco use and environmental exposure on health outcomes in the Native population,
Marlene Dobkin de Rios is professor emerita of anthropology at California State University, Fullerton and Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the University of California, Irvine. Her area of research is hallucinogens and culture. Author of four books on the topic, Dr. de Rios conducted fieldwork in the Peruvian Amazon and coast and has published widely on ayahuasca, various Banisteriopsis sps. used in traditional urban Mestizo healing. She is currently interested in drug tourism, a phenomenon where tourists are led on tours to imbibe powerful hallucinogenic substances in the guise of purchased mysticism. She has recently co-edited a theme issue of the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs on Ayahuasca in Cross-cultural Perspective with Dr. Charles Grob, looking at the use of this substance among adolescents in the União do Vegetal Church in Brazil.
Irene Glasser is a medical anthropologist with long time interests in homelessness, poverty, and tailoring addictions treatments to underserved communities. She is currently a Senior Planning/Research Analyst with the Community Renewal Team, Inc (CRT) in Hartford Connecticut. CRT is the longest continually operating community action agency in the country. It is an agency of over 700 people whose services touch the lives of over 3000 people in poverty each day. Among the CRT programs are Head Start, two homeless shelters, alternative to incarceration programs, and nutritional programs. As an anthropologist, she is expanding the program evaluation design components of the agency and looking for new ways to enhance existing programs. Glasser recently completed the NIAAA Post Doctoral Fellowship at Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies. Her latest publications include Braving the Street: The Anthropology of Homelessness (Glasser and Bridgman, Berghahn Books, 1999) and Glasser, Irene and William Zywiak (2003) "Homelessness and Substance Use: A Tale of Two Cities" Substance Use and Misuse Volume 38, number 3-6, March 2003, 553-578.
Mac Marshall is Professor of Anthropology and Community & Behavioral Health at the University of Iowa, and a past chair and newsletter editor of A&DSG. He has conducted research on alcohol and other drugs (tobacco, betel, kava and marijuana) for the past 30 years, principally in the Pacific Islands. Currently, he is writing a book about MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving). Interested in public health policy and prevention programs, he has worked on a number of WHO-sponsored initiatives, most recently the Alcohol in Developing Societies project.
Roland S. Moore is a Research Anthropologist interested in relationships between employment in different populations and their alcohol and tobacco use patterns and problems. He has been conducting research with the Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation for eleven years. He currently is principal investigator on two projects: one funded by NIAAA on drinking and employment among young Native American adults from a Southwestern reservation, and another funded by the University of California Office of the President's Tobacco Related Disease Research Program, an ethnographic study of tobacco use in California bars in which smoking has been banned. He also is the ethnographic manager of Military Work and Drinking, a study of policy and drinking subcultures in the U.S. Navy. His research sites have included a Greek village, a Native American reservation in the Southwest, California bars, a heavy machinery plant and U.S. military bases.
Mark Nichter, Ph.D. MPH is Professor of Anthropology and coordinator of the graduate medial anthropology program at the University of Arizona where he holds joint appointments in the College of Public Health and in the Family Medicine Department. Dr. Nichter has conducted extensive ethnographic research on tobacco use among adolescents and young adults in the USA, and tobacco use and betal (arecanut) use in South Asia. He served on the Institute of Medicine Committee on Tobacco and Youth, and for the past seven years he was a Core member of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Research Network on Tobacco Etiology. He is presently a co-principal investigator on a NIH Fogarty grant aimed at developing culturally appropriate cessation in India and Indonesia (Project Quit Tobacco International) as well as a NCI community based tobacco cessation outreach program in Arizona (Project Reach). Dr. Nichter is the author of numerous journal articles on social and cultural aspects of tobacco use as well as publications related to medical anthropology and international health.
Mimi Nichter, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona where she holds joint appointments in the College of Public Health and the Department of Family Studies and Human Development. Dr. Nichter has conducted longitudinal ethnographic research on tobacco use among adolescents, smoking as a weight control strategy among adolescent girls and young women, gender differences in tobacco use among college students, and smoking among low-income pregnant women. She has also written about methodological issues in tobacco research. Dr. Nichter was a Faculty Scholar with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Research Network on Tobacco Etiology (TERN). In addition to her tobacco research in the U.S., she has conducted research on smoking among college students in India, and the marketing of tobacco to women in Asia. She has also worked on the development, implementation, and evaluation of school-based tobacco prevention and cessation initiatives. She is a presently a co-principal investigator on a NIH Fogarty grant aimed at developing culturally appropriate cessation in India and Indonesia. Dr. Nichter is the author of numerous journal articles drawing on her ethnographic studies of tobacco use and has written two books: Fat Talk: What Girls and their Parents Say about Dieting (Harvard University Press, 2000) and Anthropology and International Health: Asian Case Studies (2001, with Mark Nichter). In 2002, she was awarded the Margaret Mead Award from the American Anthropological Association for her book, Fat Talk.
Gilbert Quintero is Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at University of Montana. Dr. Quintero has an interest in the sociocultural dimensions of illness, particularly the complex interplay between cultural values, social practice, and disease processes. A majority of his research has centered on the study of alcohol and drug use, sexuality, and HIV transmission. Within this domain his research has included a wide range of activities, including the development of HIV and substance abuse prevention programs, the exploration of the social context of alcohol and drug use and sexual activity among Hispanic college students, the evaluation of prevention programs directed at minority populations and youth, and studies of cultural aspects of addiction among Hispanic and Native American men. One common theme that runs throughout Dr. Quintero’s research is an interest in the impact of cultural norms and expectations on health behaviors. Recent research focuses on two main areas: The cultural influences on tobacco use among minority youth and the cultural expectations regarding the relationships between alcohol use and sexual risk activity among Hispanic college students. Dr. Quintero is currently investigating prescription drug misuse among college students through two grants awarded from the National Institutes on Drug Abuse.
Merrill Singer is the Associate Director of the Hispanic Health Council (HHC) in and Director of the HHC's Center for Community Health Research in Hartford, CT. Additionally, he is on the faculty of the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS at Yale University and the graduate faculty of the University of Connecticut. Dr. Singer has been the Principal Investigator on a continuous series of federally funded community health studies since 1984, and currently is the Principal Investigator on two NIH-funded studies: 1) the intersection of violence, substance abuse, and AIDS risk among women drug users; and 2) social environmental factors in sterile syringe availability and HIV risk among IDUs in three U.S. cities and the Virgin Islands. Additionally, he is the PI on a CDC-funded study designed to monitor emergent drug use trends and a U.S. Department of Health and Human Services rapid assessment study of late night AIDS risk. Dr. Singer also serves as the co-Principal Investigator on three NIDA-funded studies: 1) syringe sharing among IDUs in Guangdong, China; 2) sexual risk for HIV among injection drug users in Russia; and 3) hepatitis B vaccination of IDUs, as well as a CDC-funded study of barriers to condom use among inner city young adults. Dr. Singer serves as consultant to the Office of HIV/AIDS Policy in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the NIH Office of AIDS Research’s Priorities Planning Group, and the CDC's Global AIDS Program. Dr. Singer has over 150 published articles and book chapters and is co-author or editor of eight books. His newest book, Unhealthy Health Policy (AltaMira) (co-edited with Arachu Castro) will be out in 2004. Currently he is working on a book on emergent drug use practices, their associated health risks, and timely public health response.
Claire E. Sterk is the Charles Howard Candler Professor in Public Health at the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University and holds adjunct appointments in the Departments of Antrhopology, Sociology and Women's Studies. She currently has a NIDA independent investigator award and serves as the Principal Investigator on two NIDA-funded projects. One project focuses on intergenerational drug use and mental health and the other on club drugs, specifically ecstasy or MDMA. She is a co-investigator on a project that studies emerging drug trends -- in terms of new drugs, new ways of using available drugs, and new groups of users. The principal investigator on this study is Kirk Elifson. With him she also recently completed a project that developed, implemented and evaluated a HIV risk reduction intervention for African American female crack users. Most of her work involves quantitative and qualitative research paradigms, including the use of visual ethnography. She also serves as the Atlanta representative of NIDA's Community Epidemiology Working Group and is a member of the NIDA Advisory Council. In addition, she works with the Global AIDS Program at the CDC and various community-based organizations in the Atlanta area. Her recent articles have appeared in journals such as the Journal of Drug Issues, AIDS and Behavior, Addiction, Aging, Women's Health, Preventive Medicine and Public Health Reports.
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